Disclaimer

Our mission as a company is to power energy independence, and we achieve this mission when we conduct ourselves ethically and transparently. To that end, we condemn all human rights abuses and the use of forced labor in the Xinjiang region and anywhere else in the world, and we stand committed to ensuring that all our vendors engage in ethical sourcing. We require transparency in our supply chain, and we work closely with our vendors to ensure they satisfy our vendor code of conduct." - John Berger, CEO of Sunnova

As a matter of ethical business practices and sourcing, Sunnova requires each company on its Approved Vendor List (“AVL”) to:

  • certify that they (and their suppliers) practice ethical sourcing;
  • certify that they do not engage in human rights abuses in the sourcing and manufacture of the products they sell to Sunnova; and
  • certify that they do not use labor or goods from Xinjiang in their supply chain.

Sunnova will also continue to engage its vendors in discussions and to review available data regarding forced labor in the Xinjiang region to ensure that its supply chain is free from human rights abuses.

News Details

Sunnova Reports First Quarter 2023 Financial Results

April 26, 2023

First Quarter 2023 and Recent Highlights

  • Added 30,100 customers in the first quarter; bringing total customer count to 309,300 as of March 31, 2023;
  • Raised full year 2023 customer additions guidance range to between 125,000 to 135,000;
  • Bolstered liquidity through $500 million in expanded warehouse capacity and $324 million in new asset backed securitizations; and
  • Announced a conditional commitment by the U.S. Department of Energy Loan Programs Office to guarantee 90% of up to $3.3 billion of financing to support new loans originated by Sunnova.

Sunnova Energy International Inc. ("Sunnova") (NYSE: NOVA), one of the leading Energy as a Service (EaaS) providers, today announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2023.

"Sunnova's impressive customer growth at the start of the year has been powered by the unwavering consumer demand for our diverse range of energy services. This outstanding growth has Sunnova well positioned to meet or exceed our 2023 guidance targets," said William J. (John) Berger, founder and CEO of Sunnova. "As a result, we are increasing our customer additions guidance, now targeting between 125,000 and 135,000 customer additions in 2023, an increase of 10,000 customers at the midpoint.

"Our strong growth trajectory can be attributed to our continuous investments in software, service, and multiple channels for growth, which have allowed Sunnova to increase market share and widen its total addressable market. Just last week, we announced a conditional commitment with the U.S. Department of Energy Loan Programs Office to expand access to Sunnova’s Energy as a Service offerings, potentially adding to our growth by making our energy services accessible to homeowners who may not have qualified without this commitment. We are dedicated to delivering the highest quality service to our customers and to our communities"

First Quarter 2023 Results

Revenue increased to $161.7 million, or by $96.0 million, for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2022. This increase was primarily the result of an increased number of solar energy systems in service and the sale of inventory to our dealers or other parties.

Total operating expense, net increased to $210.5 million, or by $110.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2022. This increase was primarily the result of an increased number of solar energy systems in service, an increase in cost of revenue - inventory sales due to the sale of inventory to our dealers or other parties, and higher general and administrative expense.

Adjusted Operating Expense increased to $78.4 million, or by $31.4 million, for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2022. This increase was primarily the result of an increased number of solar energy systems in service and higher general and administrative expense.

Sunnova incurred a net loss of $110.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to a net loss of $22.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. This higher net loss was primarily the result of an increase in interest expense, net of $86.6 million and higher general and administrative expense. This was partially offset by an increase in interest income of $13.9 million due to our larger customer loan portfolio.

Adjusted EBITDA was $14.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to $12.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. This increase was primarily due to customer growth increasing at a rate faster than expenses.

Principal proceeds from customer notes receivable (net of amounts recorded in revenue) and proceeds from investments in solar receivables was $31.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to $22.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Interest income from customer notes receivable was $20.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to $10.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. These increases were due to our larger customer loan portfolio.

Liquidity & Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2023, Sunnova had total cash of $421 million, including restricted and unrestricted cash.

2023 Full Year Guidance

Sunnova management is increasing its 2023 full year guidance for customer additions and reaffirming for Adjusted EBITDA, interest income from customer notes receivable, and principal proceeds from customer notes receivable, net of amounts recorded in revenue, and proceeds from investments in solar receivables.

  • Customer additions increases from between 115,000 and 125,000 to between 125,000 and 135,000;
  • Adjusted EBITDA between $235 million and $255 million reaffirmed;
  • Interest income from customer notes receivable between $110 million and $120 million reaffirmed; and
  • Principal proceeds from customer notes receivable, net of amounts recorded in revenue, and proceeds from investments in solar receivables between $150 million and $190 million reaffirmed.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We present our operating results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. ("GAAP"). We believe certain financial measures, such as Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Expense, which are non-GAAP measures, provide users of our financial statements with supplemental information that may be useful in evaluating our business. We use Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Expense as performance measures and believe investors and securities analysts also use Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Expense in evaluating our performance. While Adjusted EBITDA effectively captures the operating performance of our leases and PPAs, it only reflects the service portion of the operating performance under our loan agreements. Therefore, we separately show customer P&I payments. Adjusted EBITDA is also used by our management for internal planning purposes, including our consolidated operating budget, and by our board of directors in setting performance-based compensation targets. We believe that such non-GAAP measures, when read in conjunction with our operating results presented under GAAP, can be used both to better assess our business from period to period and to better assess our business against other companies in our industry, without regard to financing methods, historical cost basis or capital structure. Our calculation of these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from similarly-titled non-GAAP measures, if any, reported by other companies. In addition, other companies may not publish these or similar measures. Such non-GAAP measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Sunnova is unable to reconcile projected Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Expense to the most comparable financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP because of fluctuations in interest rates and their impact on our unrealized and realized interest rate hedge gains or losses. Sunnova provides a range for the forecasts of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Expense to allow for the variability in the timing of cash receipts and disbursements, customer utilization of our assets, and the impact on the related reconciling items, many of which interplay with each other. Therefore, the reconciliation of projected Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Operating Expense to projected net income (loss) and total operating expense, as the case may be, is not available without unreasonable effort.

First Quarter Conference Call Information

Sunnova is hosting a conference call for analysts and investors to discuss its first quarter 2023 results at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time, on April 27, 2023. The conference call can be accessed live over the phone by dialing 833-470-1428, or for international callers, 929-526-1599. The access code for the live call is 730539.

A replay will be available two hours after the call and can be accessed by dialing 866-813-9403, or for international callers, +44 204-525-0658. The access code for the replay is 276198. The replay will be available until May 4, 2023.

Interested investors and other parties may also listen to a simultaneous webcast of the conference call by logging onto the Investor Relations section of Sunnova’s website.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or Sunnova’s future financial or operating performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as "may," "will," "should," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "going to," "could," "intends," "target," "projects," "contemplates," "believes," "estimates," "predicts," "potential" or "continue" or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions that concern Sunnova’s expectations, strategy, priorities, plans or intentions. Forward-looking statements in this release include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our level of growth, customer value propositions, technological developments, service levels, the ability to achieve our 2023 operational and financial targets, and references to Adjusted EBITDA and customer P&I payments from solar loans. Sunnova’s expectations and beliefs regarding these matters may not materialize, and actual results in future periods are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected, including risks regarding our ability to forecast our business due to our limited operating history, the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on our business and operations, supply chain uncertainties, results of operations and financial position, our competition, changes in regulations applicable to our business, fluctuations in the solar and home-building markets, availability of capital, and our ability to attract and retain dealers and customers and manage our dealer and strategic partner relationships. The forward-looking statements contained in this release are also subject to other risks and uncertainties, including those more fully described in Sunnova’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Sunnova’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. The forward-looking statements in this release are based on information available to Sunnova as of the date hereof, and Sunnova disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

About Sunnova

Sunnova Energy International Inc. (NYSE: NOVA) is a leading Energy as a Service (EaaS) provider with customers across the U.S. and its territories. Sunnova's goal is to be the source of clean, affordable and reliable energy with a simple mission: to power energy independence so that home and business owners have the freedom to live life uninterrupted®. For more information, visit www.sunnova.com.

SUNNOVA ENERGY INTERNATIONAL INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share amounts and share par values)

 

 

As of
March 31, 2023

 

As of
December 31, 2022

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Assets

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

210,884

 

 

$

360,257

 

Accounts receivable—trade, net

 

25,614

 

 

 

24,435

 

Accounts receivable—other

 

188,642

 

 

 

212,397

 

Other current assets, net of allowance of $3,658 and $3,250 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

 

402,975

 

 

 

351,300

 

Total current assets

 

828,115

 

 

 

948,389

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

4,054,373

 

 

 

3,784,801

 

Customer notes receivable, net of allowance of $87,801 and $77,998 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

 

2,864,545

 

 

 

2,466,149

 

Intangible assets, net

 

155,400

 

 

 

162,512

 

Goodwill

 

13,150

 

 

 

13,150

 

Other assets

 

986,625

 

 

 

961,891

 

Total assets (1)

$

8,902,208

 

 

$

8,336,892

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests and Equity

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

123,498

 

 

$

116,136

 

Accrued expenses

 

122,233

 

 

 

139,873

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

209,335

 

 

 

214,431

 

Other current liabilities

 

72,884

 

 

 

71,506

 

Total current liabilities

 

527,950

 

 

 

541,946

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net

 

5,621,437

 

 

 

5,194,755

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

806,057

 

 

 

712,741

 

Total liabilities (1)

 

6,955,444

 

 

 

6,449,442

 

 

 

 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

 

179,502

 

 

 

165,737

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity:

 

 

 

Common stock, 115,584,659 and 114,939,079 shares issued as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively, at $0.0001 par value

 

12

 

 

 

11

 

Additional paid-in capital—common stock

 

1,645,737

 

 

 

1,637,847

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(366,972

)

 

 

(364,782

)

Total stockholders' equity

 

1,278,777

 

 

 

1,273,076

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

488,485

 

 

 

448,637

 

Total equity

 

1,767,262

 

 

 

1,721,713

 

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and equity

$

8,902,208

 

 

$

8,336,892

 

(1) The consolidated assets as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 include $3,454,737 and $3,201,271, respectively, of assets of variable interest entities ("VIEs") that can only be used to settle obligations of the VIEs. These assets include cash of $42,467 and $40,382 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; accounts receivable—trade, net of $9,681 and $8,542 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; accounts receivable—other of $457 and $810 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; other current assets of $412,743 and $422,364 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; property and equipment, net of $2,936,828 and $2,680,587 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; and other assets of $52,561 and $48,586 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. The consolidated liabilities as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 include $74,245 and $66,441, respectively, of liabilities of VIEs whose creditors have no recourse to Sunnova Energy International Inc. These liabilities include accounts payable of $9,597 and $9,015 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; accrued expenses of $239 and $287 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; other current liabilities of $7,013 and $4,420 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively; and other long-term liabilities of $57,396 and $52,719 as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

SUNNOVA ENERGY INTERNATIONAL INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Revenue

$

161,696

 

 

$

65,722

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expense:

 

 

 

Cost of revenue—depreciation

 

28,197

 

 

 

21,958

 

Cost of revenue—inventory sales

 

51,779

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue—other

 

19,224

 

 

 

7,569

 

Operations and maintenance

 

10,739

 

 

 

6,761

 

General and administrative

 

101,261

 

 

 

70,223

 

Other operating income

 

(723

)

 

 

(6,583

)

Total operating expense, net

 

210,477

 

 

 

99,928

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

 

(48,781

)

 

 

(34,206

)

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, net

 

85,607

 

 

 

(1,015

)

Interest income

 

(24,788

)

 

 

(10,932

)

Other (income) expense

 

236

 

 

 

(155

)

Loss before income tax

 

(109,836

)

 

 

(22,104

)

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

510

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

(110,346

)

 

 

(22,104

)

Net income (loss) attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests and noncontrolling interests

 

(29,263

)

 

 

12,954

 

Net loss attributable to stockholders

$

(81,083

)

 

$

(35,058

)

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share attributable to stockholders—basic and diluted

$

(0.70

)

 

$

(0.31

)

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic and diluted

 

115,073,975

 

 

 

113,499,426

 

SUNNOVA ENERGY INTERNATIONAL INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(110,346

)

 

$

(22,104

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

32,671

 

 

 

24,740

 

Impairment and loss on disposals, net

 

647

 

 

 

402

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

7,108

 

 

 

7,113

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

5,171

 

 

 

2,626

 

Amortization of debt discount

 

3,512

 

 

 

1,784

 

Non-cash effect of equity-based compensation plans

 

9,515

 

 

 

10,864

 

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivatives

 

23,616

 

 

 

(33,874

)

Unrealized gain on fair value instruments and equity securities

 

(487

)

 

 

(6,362

)

Other non-cash items

 

2,958

 

 

 

9,482

 

Changes in components of operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

20,837

 

 

 

4,958

 

Other current assets

 

(43,060

)

 

 

(48,228

)

Other assets

 

(80,308

)

 

 

(22,639

)

Accounts payable

 

(10,618

)

 

 

(2,086

)

Accrued expenses

 

(11,588

)

 

 

9,620

 

Other current liabilities

 

(3,470

)

 

 

(10,204

)

Other long-term liabilities

 

(15,485

)

 

 

(18,221

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(169,327

)

 

 

(92,129

)

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(289,296

)

 

 

(138,181

)

Payments for investments and customer notes receivable

 

(274,362

)

 

 

(246,270

)

Proceeds from customer notes receivable

 

36,111

 

 

 

23,740

 

Proceeds from investments in solar receivables

 

2,132

 

 

 

1,798

 

Other, net

 

1,120

 

 

 

1,263

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(524,295

)

 

 

(357,650

)

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Proceeds from long-term debt

 

604,240

 

 

 

391,903

 

Payments of long-term debt

 

(188,724

)

 

 

(39,639

)

Payments of deferred financing costs

 

(6,832

)

 

 

(5,084

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net

 

(1,488

)

 

 

(2,820

)

Contributions from redeemable noncontrolling interests and noncontrolling interests

 

174,951

 

 

 

51,889

 

Distributions to redeemable noncontrolling interests and noncontrolling interests

 

(8,554

)

 

 

(5,854

)

Payments of costs related to redeemable noncontrolling interests and noncontrolling interests

 

(4,511

)

 

 

(7,383

)

Other, net

 

(211

)

 

 

(199

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

568,871

 

 

 

382,813

 

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(124,751

)

 

 

(66,966

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

545,574

 

 

 

391,897

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

 

420,823

 

 

 

324,931

 

Restricted cash included in other current assets

 

(52,699

)

 

 

(34,958

)

Restricted cash included in other assets

 

(157,240

)

 

 

(81,478

)

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

210,884

 

 

$

208,495

 

Key Financial and Operational Metrics

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

(in thousands)

Reconciliation of Net Loss to Adjusted EBITDA:

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(110,346

)

 

$

(22,104

)

Interest expense, net

 

85,607

 

 

 

(1,015

)

Interest income

 

(24,788

)

 

 

(10,932

)

Income tax expense

 

510

 

 

 

 

Depreciation expense

 

32,671

 

 

 

24,740

 

Amortization expense

 

7,338

 

 

 

7,288

 

EBITDA

 

(9,008

)

 

 

(2,023

)

Non-cash compensation expense

 

9,515

 

 

 

10,864

 

ARO accretion expense

 

1,081

 

 

 

840

 

Financing deal costs

 

173

 

 

 

384

 

Natural disaster losses and related charges, net

 

137

 

 

 

 

Acquisition costs

 

743

 

 

 

1,259

 

Unrealized gain on fair value instruments and equity securities

 

(487

)

 

 

(6,362

)

Amortization of payments to dealers for exclusivity and other bonus arrangements

 

1,386

 

 

 

928

 

Legal settlements

 

750

 

 

 

 

Provision for current expected credit losses

 

10,259

 

 

 

6,657

 

Indemnification payments to tax equity investors

 

4

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

$

14,553

 

 

$

12,547

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

(in thousands)

Interest income from customer notes receivable

$

20,088

 

$

10,832

Principal proceeds from customer notes receivable, net of related revenue

$

29,098

 

$

20,413

Proceeds from investments in solar receivables

$

2,132

 

$

1,798

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

(in thousands, except per system data)

Reconciliation of Total Operating Expense, Net to Adjusted Operating Expense:

 

 

 

Total operating expense, net

$

210,477

 

 

$

99,928

 

Depreciation expense

 

(32,671

)

 

 

(24,740

)

Amortization expense

 

(7,338

)

 

 

(7,288

)

Non-cash compensation expense

 

(9,515

)

 

 

(10,864

)

ARO accretion expense

 

(1,081

)

 

 

(840

)

Financing deal costs

 

(173

)

 

 

(384

)

Natural disaster losses and related charges, net

 

(137

)

 

 

 

Acquisition costs

 

(743

)

 

 

(1,259

)

Amortization of payments to dealers for exclusivity and other bonus arrangements

 

(1,386

)

 

 

(928

)

Legal settlements

 

(750

)

 

 

 

Provision for current expected credit losses

 

(10,259

)

 

 

(6,657

)

Direct sales costs

 

(7,597

)

 

 

(380

)

Cost of revenue related to cash sales

 

(9,345

)

 

 

(5,815

)

Cost of revenue related to inventory sales

 

(51,779

)

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on fair value instruments

 

723

 

 

 

6,207

 

Indemnification payments to tax equity investors

 

(4

)

 

 

 

Adjusted Operating Expense

$

78,422

 

 

$

46,980

 

Adjusted Operating Expense per weighted average system

$

267

 

 

$

235

 

 

As of
March 31, 2023

 

As of
December 31, 2022

Number of customers

309,300

 

279,400

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

2023

 

2022

Weighted average number of systems (excluding loan agreements and cash sales)

197,500

 

155,800

Weighted average number of systems with loan agreements

88,700

 

41,700

Weighted average number of systems with cash sales

7,300

 

2,400

Weighted average number of systems

293,500

 

199,900

 

As of
March 31, 2023

 

As of
December 31, 2022

 

(in millions)

Estimated gross contracted customer value - PV6

$

6,751

 

$

5,875

Key Terms for Our Key Metrics and Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Estimated Gross Contracted Customer Value. Estimated gross contracted customer value as of a specific measurement date represents the sum of the present value of the remaining estimated future net cash flows we expect to receive from existing customers during the initial contract term of our leases and power purchase agreements ("PPAs"), which are typically 25 years in length, plus the present value of future net cash flows we expect to receive from the sale of related solar renewable energy certificates ("SRECs"), either under existing contracts or in future sales, plus the cash flows we expect to receive from energy services programs such as grid services, plus the carrying value of outstanding customer loans on our balance sheet. From these aggregate estimated initial cash flows, we subtract the present value of estimated net cash distributions to redeemable noncontrolling interests and noncontrolling interests and estimated operating, maintenance and administrative expenses associated with the solar service agreements. These estimated future cash flows reflect the projected monthly customer payments over the life of our solar service agreements and depend on various factors including but not limited to solar service agreement type, contracted rates, expected sun hours and the projected production capacity of the solar equipment installed. For the purpose of calculating this metric, we discount all future cash flows at 6%.

Number of Customers. We define number of customers to include every unique premises on which a Sunnova product is installed or on which Sunnova is obligated to perform services for a counterparty. We track the total number of customers as an indicator of our historical growth and our rate of growth from period to period.

Weighted Average Number of Systems. We calculate the weighted average number of systems based on the number of months a customer and any additional service obligation related to a solar energy system is in-service during a given measurement period. The weighted average number of systems reflects the number of systems at the beginning of a period, plus the total number of new systems added in the period adjusted by a factor that accounts for the partial period nature of those new systems. For purposes of this calculation, we assume all new systems added during a month were added in the middle of that month. The number of systems for any end of period will exceed the number of customers, as defined above, for that same end of period as we are also including any additional services and/or contracts a customer or third party executed for the additional work for the same residence or business. We track the weighted average system count in order to accurately reflect the contribution of the appropriate number of systems to key financial metrics over the measurement period.

Definitions of Non-GAAP Measures

Adjusted EBITDA. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus net interest expense, depreciation and amortization expense, income tax expense, financing deal costs, natural disaster losses and related charges, net, losses on extinguishment of long-term debt, realized and unrealized gains and losses on fair value instruments and equity securities, amortization of payments to dealers for exclusivity and other bonus arrangements, legal settlements and excluding the effect of certain non-recurring items we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance such as, but not limited to, costs of our initial public offering ("IPO"), acquisition costs, losses on unenforceable contracts, indemnification payments to tax equity investors and other non-cash items such as non-cash compensation expense, asset retirement obligation ("ARO") accretion expense, provision for current expected credit losses and non-cash inventory impairments.

Adjusted Operating Expense. We define Adjusted Operating Expense as total operating expense less depreciation and amortization expense, financing deal costs, natural disaster losses and related charges, net, amortization of payments to dealers for exclusivity and other bonus arrangements, legal settlements, direct sales costs, cost of revenue related to cash sales, cost of revenue related to inventory sales, unrealized gains and losses on fair value instruments and excluding the effect of certain non-recurring items we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operating performance such as, but not limited to, costs of our IPO, acquisition costs, losses on unenforceable contracts, indemnification payments to tax equity investors and other non-cash items such as non-cash compensation expense, ARO accretion expense, provision for current expected credit losses and non-cash inventory impairments.

Investor Contact:
Rodney McMahan
IR@sunnova.com
877-770-5211

Media Contact:
Kelsey Hultberg
Kelsey.Hultberg@sunnova.com

Source: Sunnova Energy International Inc.
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